The HIV AIDS ACT 2017 was got implemented from 10th September 2018. This was announced by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare on Tuesday.
In March, Rajya Sabha has passed the bill in which it has criminalizes the discrimination which is against the patients that suffer Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS). This is the condition which has caused by the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) in which it got attacks as well as it weakens the body’s immune system.
This Act, which was received the President assent on 20th April 2017. This prohibits against the people who love the Human Immunodeficiency Virus to access the healthcare, renting accommodation, getting jobs as well as admission to the public as well as private institutions for study purpose.
The requirement of getting the HIV testing which is said to be done as a pre-requisite so to obtain the employment or to access the health care or even the education which has been prohibited. It has said that no person can get compelled to disclose the HIV status which is except with the informed consent. Also, the establishments that keep the records of the information of HIV positive persons should take proper protection measure about the data,
As per the new law, this new law ensures that every HIV infected individual whose age is below the 18 years has right to reside in a shared household as well as can enjoy the facilities of the household. It also prohibits any type of individual from publishing the information or even advocating the feelings of the hatred who are against the HIV positive persons as well as they lose the living with them.
This bill is said to be like a milestone as it helps in empowering the person who is living with the HIV. It gives the right to them to report about the discrimination that is seen to be going on against them in all the fields starting from education to insurance and even healthcare service.
This Act said that it could penalize “propagation of hatred” which is against the protected person in which a violator can get punished with a minimum jail term which is about three months to two years. The person can also be fined up to one lakh rupees.
This Act provides all types of guardianship for the minors. The law also makes it compulsory to appoint Ombudsman by the state governments to inquire about the complaints that are related to the violation of the Act as well as the provision of health care services.