Globally it is said that India’s Mental Healthcare Act 2017 is one of the most progressive healthcare legislation on mental health globally. It ensures that the people who all have mental illness can able to access the medical as well as social care from the public health to safeguard the rights. But it seems that mental health care is not at all given any type of priority.
In the year 2014, WHO said that India had just got 0.3 per cent psychiatrists which is for 100,000 population when it is compared with Brazil’s 3.49, US’s 12.4 and China’s 1.71. These type of findings has just released the report of the Lancet Commission on Mental Health that can bring India’s problem to a relief condition.
India is a country where about 7 per cent population suffers from mental disorders. Among that, about 80 Percent of people who have got mental or substance use disorders don’t undergo any type of treatment for this illness. As per the estimation is done by Lancet, when it comes to the costs of healthcare or lost productivity, it has been seen a massive economic toll that is exacted by the mental illness who all come from the global economy. This is said to be near to $16 trillion by the year 2030.
By the year 2020, it said that about 20 percent of the Indian population who all will be suffering from some kind of form in which the mental illness or any other illness. In the year 2016, as per Economist Intelligence Unit had said to be estimated that by the year 2030, mental illness can knock off $11 trillion which is from Chinese as well as Indian GDP.
The report of the Lancet Commission shows that there are many health indicators in which India is showing that it is on par globally. Among the deaths in India, suicide is one of the leading cause among youths. The report from WHO shows that every 6th Indian suffers from depression. This report gives the tag to India as the most depressed country in the world.
The recently launch Ayushman Bharat-Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana ensures that there will be about 1.5 lakh health and wellness centres in the country and mental illness will be the main focus area in this centres. This policy is the key policy for the country, but the implementation of this policy in the large-scale country is the main thing that is now looking at.