It has been seen that in the last few decades, rapid economic growth has been able to allow millions of Indians which will help in lifting themselves out of the poverty. This lack of quality, as well as affordable medical care, was meant that the millions would be continuing to get deeply vulnerable to the health shocks.
As per the analysis of the Mint, the data which comes from the National Sample Survey Office Health survey that conducted this study in the year 2013-14 shows that about 36 million households have incurred the health expenses. It has been said to be exceeded the annual per capita consumption of all the households. To put the number in approx, India’s most populous state, Uttar Pradesh had consisted of about 33 million households when the last census was conducted in the year 2011. As per rural India, it has accounted for about 25 million of the 36 million households that have faced the catastrophic health shocks. Urban India has been accounted for remaining the 11 million.
The catastrophic health shocks are said to be defined as something which was leading to the annual expenses that are greater than the annual per-capita consumption of the household. We can use per capita consumption expenditure to assess the extent of the health shock which more than overall household expenditure since the household sizes can be varying across the income classes in India.
It has been seen that about one in five households has witnessed a health shock which can wipe the annual consumption expenses of at least one member of the household. When it comes to the top quintile, it is said to be about 11 per cent. When it comes to the national level, about 14.4 per cent of households are said to be facing the catastrophic health expenditure, as per analysis. But it can be said that this figure is likely to get underestimate the true burden about the health shocks that is present in the country. In this, it has been seen that many families have opted not to go for any kind of treatment even if one member of the family faces a life-threatening disease. Many of the families are said to be too poor to contemplate a long haul on the hospital.
As per the NSSO data, the exact number for this phenomenon is not yet known, but it is said that there are some clues which can able to obtain from that.