In the latest development, the Hubble Telescope has now started a new mission to study about six massive galaxy clusters which are about to shed light on about the earliest galaxies which are evolved in the universe, as said by NASA.
The telescope will be helping in learning about the formation as well as the evolution of the very galaxies in the universe is crucial which is our understanding of the cosmos.
It has been said that the Hubble Space Telescope has already been detected about the distant galaxies which are known and their numbers are small as it makes hard for the astronomers to determine if they help in representing the universe at large. As per the initial observations which are from Beyond Ultra deep Frontier Fields and Legacy Observations (BUFFALO) survey which shows the cluster galaxy Abell 370 along with the host of magnified as well as gravitationally lensed galaxies which is present around it.
It has been seen that there is massive galaxy cluster which is like Abell 370 that can help the astronomers to find more of the distant objects. This will have the immense masses of the galaxy clusters to make them act as the cosmic magnifying glasses.
This cluster’s mass bends, and it can magnify light from more distant objects which is behind it. It will uncover the objects which are said to be too faint for even Hubble’s sensitive vision. It uses the cosmological trick which is known as strong gravitational lensing. Hubble can explore some kinds of the earliest, and it will have most distant galaxies in the universe. There are numerous galaxies which are lensed by the mass of Abell 370. This will be the most stunning demonstration of gravitational lensing which can be seen in the recent image which is beamed back by the space telescope. This was nicknamed as the Dragon, and this feature is made up of the multitude of the duplicated images of this spiral galaxy which is lied beyond the cluster.
BUFFALO has got the extended fields of view which will also allow for the better 3D mapping of the mass distribution which is for both of ordinary as well as dark matter that exists within the galaxy cluster. These maps will be helping the astronomers to learn more about the evolution of the lensing galaxy clusters.